Group U(1)xSU(2) for Electroweak Symmetry

Posted by doug
summary: 
The group U(1)xSU(2) can be represented using all four parts of a quaternion, three in the exponential, the fourth as a normalized quaternion. The group covers the entire unit sphere, but has a bias for the past.
description: 
Quaternions do not commute in general, but they will commute if two quaternions point in the same direction. The common way to represent the group U(1) is with a normalized complex number. The same thing can be done with a quaternion. This will commute with a unitary quaternion if they both use the same quaternion pointing in the same direction. Electroweak symmetry uses all the degrees freedom available in a quaternion.
command: 
q_graph -dir vp -out group_u1xsu2 -loop 0 -box 1.1 -command 'q_group -group U1xSU2 -n 20000'
youtube embed: 
equation: 

\frac{A}{|A|} exp(A - A^*) \in U(1) \times SU(2)



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