Sines and Cosines Over Long Periods of Time in Spacetime

summary: 

Over long periods of time with smaller changes in space, sine and cosine functions make spirals.

description: 

In classical physics, the amount of change in time measured in the same units as space vastly exceeds changes in space. In other words, relativistic velocities are low. In these animations, time changes by 100 while changes in space are only 20.

command: 
q_graph -loop 0 -box 10 -dir vp -out sin-cos-50t -command 'q_add_n -50 -10 -10 -10 .05 .01 .01 .01 2000' -color yellow -command 'q_add_n -50 -10 -10 -10 .005 .001 .001 .001 20000 | q_sin' -color red -command 'q_add_n -50 -10 -10 -10 .005 .001 .001 .001 20000 | q_cos' -color blue
math
equation: 

\begin{align*} \sin(t,\vec{R}) &= (\sin(t) \cosh(|R|), \cos(t) \sinh(|R|) \frac{\vec{R}}{|R|})\\ \cos(t,\vec{R}) &= (\cos(t) \cosh(|R|), \sin(t) \sinh(|R|) \frac{\vec{R}}{|R|}) \end{align*}

tags
Physics Tag: 
simple harmonic oscillator
Math Tag: 
trig functions
sine
cosine
Programming Tag: 
command line quaternions
q_add_n
q_sin
q_cos